H-1B Computer Programmer Memo and Measures to Detect H-1B Visa Fraud and Abuse
April 3, 2017
On March 31, 2017, USCIS published a Memorandum titled "Rescission of December 22, 2000 Guidance memo on H1B computer related positions”, rescinding the December 22,2000 Memo issued by Terry Way, former Director of Nebraska Service Center. The main points of the Memo are:
- The policy memo issued on Friday, March 31, 2017, offers clarity on USCIS's approach to determining whether the position of "Computer Programmer" is deemed a "specialty occupation" that would be eligible for an H-1B visa.
- The memo rescinds an existing 17-year-old memo that was issued by the Director of the USCIS Nebraska Service Center and was directed to employees of that service center. The reality is that due to shifting workloads, the Nebraska Service Center for many years hadn't even been handling H-1Bs until very recently when it resumed a portion of the H-1B workload.
- In addition, the December 22, 2000 memo that was based on Department of Labor materials from the late 90s and early 2000s, needed to be updated. The high-tech industry has evolved significantly since 2000, as have the occupations within the industry.
- Though the memo focuses on Computer Programmers, the message is clear. In order to qualify for an H-1B, the employer must show that the position requires theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge, which requires the attainment of bachelor's degree or higher in a specific specialty. This is true for all H-1Bs.
- Toward this end, the memo supports the proposition that a position cannot simultaneously have a job classification and pay rate at the low end of the industry salary range, while at the same time listing specific job requirements and skills that are more complex and specialized.
- According to information and cases shared by AILA members, for at least the past several years USCIS has not taken the approach that a "Computer Programmer" is a slam-dunk H-1B.
- The new policy memo would appear to offer transparency and clarity regarding the approach USCIS has taken on these cases for the past several years. To the extent that it memorializes existing policy, the memo offers guidance to employers and notice as to how USCIS adjudicates these cases.
- However, the true test of this memo, like any other, will be in how it is interpreted by adjudicators in the field, when the rubber meets the road over the next few months as H-1Bs are adjudicated.
- USCIS has acknowledged that a 17-year old memo offering guidance on positions in the technology sector is more or less obsolete. Congress should take this as a cue to once and for all, update our legal immigration system which hasn't been changed in almost 25 years.
- For the good of our economy, our nation needs a system that better reflects the realities facing U.S. businesses today and provides flexibility and options, including an increase in permanent visas and H-1Bs, for U.S. employers seeking to build a competitive workforce.
Regarding detecting Fraud and Abuse in the H-1b Program:
Beginning April 3, 2017, USCIS will take a more targeted approach when making site visits across the country to H-1B petitioners and the worksites of H-1B employees. USCIS will focus on:
- Cases where USCIS cannot validate the employer’s basic business information through commercially available data;
- H-1B-dependent employers (those who have a high ratio of H-1B workers as compared to U.S. workers, as defined by statute); and
- Employers petitioning for H-1B workers who work off-site at another company or organization’s location.
Targeted site visits will allow USCIS to focus resources where fraud and abuse of the H-1B program may be more likely to occur, and determine whether H-1B dependent employers are evading their obligation to make a good faith effort to recruit U.S. workers. USCIS will continue random and unannounced visits nationwide. These site visits are not meant to target nonimmigrant employees for any kind of criminal or administrative action but rather to identify employers who are abusing the system.